Swimming Pools

The Louisville Metro Public Health and Wellness Public Facility’s Environmental Health Specialists inspect public swimming pools in Metro Louisville to enforce regulations passed by the state of Kentucky and the Metro Louisville Board of Health. Pools are inspected twice annually, and inspections include the following: verifying certified guards or attendants are on duty, turbidity, all equipment is working properly to disinfect and filter the water, all safety equipment is on deck and in proper working order.

Water samples are collected weekly for bacteria testing and laboratory services are provided by the Louisville Metro Department of Health and Wellness.

Public Pools are defined as those operated by communities, subdivisions, apartment complexes, condominiums, clubs, camps, schools, institutions, parks, mobile home parks, hotels, recreational areas, or similar public facilities. It does not include any facilities that are at private, single-family, intended only for the use of the owner and guests.
 

Pool Closures

The following are violations will lead to immediate pool closures:

  • No certified lifeguard or pool attendant on duty
  • Turbidity-facility water does not have sufficient clarity at all times to see that the main drain grate is clearly visible.
  • Chlorinator, pump, or filter is not working.
  • No Chlorine residual in water
  • Two consecutive positive water samples
  • Broken glass in the pool area  
     

Lifeguard Requirements

Lifeguards are required when pool is 2000 ft² or greater.

Lifeguards are optional in pools less than 2000 ft² and 5ft or under in depth.

Pools that are less than 2000 ft² but greater than 5ft in depth follow the 2 and 5 rule.

  • NO ONE MAY BE IN THE POOL WHILE ALONE AND NO MORE THAN FIVE PERSONS MAY BE IN THE POOL AT ANY TIME
  • PERSONS UNDER 16 YEARS MUST BE ACCOMPANIED BY AN ADULT

When the public swimming pool is without water safety personnel on duty, a locked barrier with a minimum height of 4 ft. shall be present at the pool entrance. In addition, one of the following warning signs shall be placed in plain view with lettering 2 inches in height:

A)  “POOL CLOSED, NO SWIMMING, NO
LIFEGUARD ON DUTY": PERSONS FOUND IN VIOLATION SHALL BE SUBJECT TO A FINE OF UP TO $100.00”

B)  “WARNING, NO LIFEGUARD ON DUTY, NO ONE MAY BE ALONE AND NO MORE THAN 5 PERSONS MAY BE IN THE POOL AT ANY TIME.  PERSONS UNDER 16 MUST BE ACCOMPANIED BY AN ADULT. PERSONS FOUND IN VIOLATION SHALL BE SUBJECT TO A FINE UP TO $100.00”

C) “WARNING, NO LIFEGUARD ON DUTY, NO PERSON MAY ENTER THE FACILITY AREA ALONE OR SWIM ALONE. PERSONS UNDER 17 YEARS MUST BE ACCOMPANIED BY AN ADULT 17 UEARS OF AGE OR OLDER PRESENT. PERSONS FOUND IN VIOLATION SHALL BE SUBJECT TO A FINE UP TO $100.00”

Additional information regarding lifeguard certification can be found Here.
 

Required Testing

Facility Operator or water safety personnel shall perform water quality tests before opening and during all hours of operation based on the frequency schedule listed below, and record all tests results on an operational log. Log is to be maintained on site and made available to the inspector upon request.


a) Chlorine, combined Cl and pH shall be checked at least 3 times daily with a greater frequency when bather load or climatic conditions warrant; 
           

 

Standard Ranges:

 

 

Pools

Spa

 

Chlorine 1.0-2.5    

Chlorine 2.0-3.0

 

Bromine 2.0-2.5

Bromine 2.0-3.0

 

PH 7.2-7.8

PH 7.2-7.8


b) Turbidity-daily or more often as needed;

c)  Alkalinity, Cyanuric Acid (if used in outdoor pools)-weekly, or more often as needed:  

d) Temperature: Spas and indoor facilities shall be checked daily. The water temperature for indoor swimming facilities other than spas shall not be in a range of 76 ° F to 84 ° F.  Spa temperatures should not exceed 104 ° F.


Construction/Remodel Requirements

No person shall begin construction, or construct, or substantially change, alter, or reconstruct any public swimming and bathing facility until plans and specifications, with additional supporting design data as required in this regulation for the proposed review of the plans, have first been submitted in quintuplicate (5 sets) to the Cabinet through the Department of Housing, Buildings, and Construction, and have been approved in writing by all state or local agencies having jurisdiction.  
 

For more information, contact the Environmental Engineer at 502-574-6656 or 574-6655

 

Complaints

Complaints can be made by Contacting the Division of Environmental Health Emergency Preparedness: Monday-Friday, 8 a.m.-4:30 p.m. at 574-6650

To make a complaint provide the following information: Accurate address (street number and name) of problem site Full description of problem.  Owner or Occupant name, address, phone #, if known.  Your name, address, phone number.

Confidentiality Policy:  Names and/or e-mail addresses of complainants are not released but are used for clarification of problem and to report findings.

 

Helpful Links

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Code

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