Air Pollution Permits and Compliance

The Air Pollution Control District is responsible for regulating air pollution here in Louisville/Jefferson County. The APCD issues permits to industry, businesses, and individuals for processes and activities that create air pollution. The goal of the APCD’s permitting and compliance program is to meet and maintain federal and local air quality standards and provide a healthy environment for citizens. Learn more: A Guide to the Air Pollution Permitting Process in Louisville.

Compliance Through Permitting

The permitting program allows the APCD to develop a working partnership with companies and individuals by:

  • Evaluating processes and activities that create air pollution; and
  • Helping companies and individuals understand their responsibilities to comply with APCD and federal regulations and laws.

For industry and business, this may mean tracking compliance of permitted facilities through regular inspections and data reporting or monitoring activities and practices of permitted businesses. For the community, it may mean permit assistance for activities like asbestos removal and recreational bonfires.

If you or the business you operate cause, or have the potential to cause air emissions, you are probably subject to APCD regulations and may need a permit. Here are some of the most common types of businesses, facilities and activities regulated by the APCD:

Businesses and Facilities
  • Asphalt plants
  • Automotive body shops
  • Boilers
  • Chemical plants
  • Concrete batch plants
  • Control devices
  • Distilleries
  • Dry cleaners
  • Factories
  • Gasoline storage and dispensing facilities
  • Generators
  • Grain handling operations
  • Incinerators
  • Parts cleaners
  • Petroleum product terminals
  • Power plants
  • Printers
  • Waste oil furnaces
  • Asbestos removal
  • Agriculture/land clearing
  • Construction
  • Demolition/wrecking
  • Open burning
  • Building renovation
Compliance Through Enforcement

Not all partnerships run smoothly. And when there is a breakdown, it may become necessary for the APCD to take steps to bring alleged violators into compliance through enforcement. After a thorough investigation, if a violation is found to have occurred, the APCD may issue a Notice of Violation and penalties may be assessed. The primary goal of any APCD enforcement action is to secure compliance with regulations and to protect public health and safety.


Risk Management Program

Section 112(r) of the Clean Air Act requires companies that use or store threshold quantities of certain chemicals that are flammable or extremely hazardous to develop Risk Management Plans that explain how the company will prevent and respond to any accidental release of those chemicals.

This program aims to improve the safety of communities and to provide additional assurance to communities that protective plans are in place. Although RMPs are public information, section 112(r)(7)(H) of the Clean Air Act (added at 65 FR 48108, Aug. 4, 2000) limits the public availability of Offsite Consequence Analysis (OCA) information in RMPs (see also the 1990 version of Section 112 [42 USC 7412]). For more information about a specific facility's Risk Management Plan, please contact the APCD.

For more information, including how to register your facility's RMP, see the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency web page on emergency management. You can also call the the APCD at (502) 574-6000 or e-mail inquiries to the APCD.

All stationary sources that are subject to Regulation 5.15 Chemical Accident Prevention Provisions and are located within Louisville/Jefferson County, Ky., shall register Risk Management Plans with both the EPA's contractor and the APCD.


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